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How do you know if you have diabetes?

It is very important to know and understand the symptoms of diabetes. If caught early, any serious complications can be prevented. Type 2 diabetes develops slowly, usually months or even years. It can be from pre-diabetes. It can be seen slowly, which makes it more difficult to identify. People with type 2 diabetes often have no symptoms at first, even though they may not have symptoms for many years.

Early symptoms of diabetes are:

Prolonged healing of any wound or recurrent infection can affect your ability to cure type 2 diabetes and prevent infection.

You can be tired and irritable if your body cells are deprived of sugar.

Insufficient amount of insulin disrupts the transport of glucose to your cells which causes your muscles and other organs to become dehydrated and results in rapid increase in hunger.

The presence of excess sugar in the body absorbs the plasma of the cells, which will make you thirsty. As a result, you will drink water abnormally and pass urine.

The first symptoms are

* Excessive rise in blood sugar can cause lens fluid to dry out and can affect vision.

* People who have type 2 diabetes usually have black spots on the armpits and neck and soft joints of the body which we can see. This condition is called Acanthosis Nigricans which can be a sign of insulin resistance.

* Weight Loss I Unusual eating habits can lead to weight loss. If glucose is not digested, the body uses muscle and fat stored alternative energy. Excess glucose as calories is excreted in the urine.

In addition to the above symptoms, type 2 diabetes can also cause dry mouth and leg pain.

It is not uncommon for people with type 2 diabetes to survive year after year without being aware of their condition.

Source: Times of India

Read More about Diabetes -
When the amount of sugar in the blood increases excessively, we call it diabetes.

There are two main types of diabetes. Type 1 and type 2. We will talk about type 2 diabetes because it is more common.

Who is more?

    If someone in the family has diabetes (such as father, brother or sister)
    Excess weight
    Obese body
    If you are over 25 years old


    Urinating more than usual, especially at night
    Thirsty for water all the time
    Feeling very tired
    Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness
    Itching or redness around your penis or vagina
    Cut or wound healing takes longer
    Blurred vision

How is the disease diagnosed?

Your doctor may tell you in advance that you are at risk of developing diabetes by listening to the description of the symptoms and examining your various physical examinations.

Then you may need to do some tests. E.g. It may take multiple tests to check the amount of sugar in your blood. Other tests may also be given considering your symptoms.

Once your blood sugar test results are out, your doctor will be able to tell you for sure if you have diabetes.

How is it treated?

The doctor will understand your diabetes and determine how you can be treated. Diabetes is usually treated as follows:

    Eating a healthy diet
    Exercise regularly
    Weight loss
    Diabetic oral medication or subcutaneous insulin therapy
    Blood sugar monitoring

You can read about the above separately here.

What do you do

    If you have diabetes, do not panic at first. If you can keep your blood sugar levels within the prescribed limits, you will be able to lead a normal life with diabetes.
    Follow the advice your doctor gives you, including a healthy diet, regular exercise, and weight loss.
    If you are given any oral medication for diabetes, it should be taken on time.
    If you are given insulin, first learn how to take insulin. Then you have to be very careful about taking insulin. Diabetes medication cannot be changed without consulting your doctor.
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